1) PITCH ADJUSTMENT This is a critical step, make sure that you know what pitch to set the propeller at, either by your old propeller or by your engine and reduction ratio.
A) Determine the diameter of your propeller
The blade angle is set when the hub of the propeller is mounted on the shaft. To set blade angle you must use the letter configuration in figure 2 that corresponds to your desired blade angle and the rotation of your shaft. The same propeller can be used for either right or left hand rotation.
NOTE: The adjustability allows you optimize the performance of the propeller.
Figure 2 below shows degrees of blade angle not inches of pitch.
A two degree change in blade angle will change the engine RPM by 13-15%, at the same boat speed.
2) 3 BLADE ASSEMBLY: Make sure that if you receive more than one propeller that you do not interchange parts. Each propeller is individually balanced and if interchanged it will be put out of balance. Please use figure 3 in the instruction book for part number references.
A) Fit the hub (1) to the propeller shaft (2). Be sure that the key (3) is the proper dimension and that the hub slides completely onto the shaft. If you are not sure, remove the key and slide the hub onto the shaft making a mark on the shaft where the hub stops on the shaft. Re-insert the key and slide the hub on to the shaft, if it slides up to your mark , it is fine. If not, you will need to file down the sides or top of the key until the hub slides completely onto the shaft.
B) Two types of nuts are available in the Max-Prop:
1) Drilled Nut: Tighten the nut (4) onto the shaft and secure it with the pin (5) by drilling a hole completely through the nut and shaft (a cobalt drill bit makes this task easier).
One thread can be exposed aft of either nut system, if more than that are showing it will be necessary to cut off the excess with a hack saw. If too many threads are exposed it will raise the central cone gear (6) and effect the performance of the propeller.
C) On the bottom of the central gear (6) there is a groove on the bottom of one of the teeth, this represents the "X" on the chart in figure 2. Place the tooth with the groove into the corresponding lettered gear on the hub (1).
D) Fill the two halves of the spinner (7) with a sea water grease. From our experience Lubriplate "130 AA" grease has worked best. Close the two halves around the hub and tighten down the screws.
NOTE: DO NOT USE TEFLON GREASE it will wash out very quickly.
E) Locate the mark on the top inside of the spinner (a small drill hole). This is the "Y" mark in figure 2. Rotate the spinner until the "Y" mark on the spinner coincides with the correct letter on the top of the central cone gear. This letter is determined from the chart in figure 2. Fill the top of the spinner with grease.
NOTE: It is helpful to make a mark between the spinner and exposed part of the hub or tape them so that any rotation can be noted and corrected. If the spinner is rotated before the blades are attached it will alter the blade angle.
F) Insert the three blades onto the three pins of the spacer (10). Fill the end cap (11) with grease and put the blades into the three seats of the end cap.
NOTE: Make sure that the numbers on the blades correspond to the numbers in the spacer and the numbers on the end cap 1 to 1, 2 to 2, and 3 to 3.
G) Move the blades to a feathered position, making sure that the rounded trailing edges of blades are aft as shown in figure 3. Slide the end cap and feathered blades on to the spinner, make sure that the numbers on the blades and spinner match. Next tighten down the end cap with the screws.
NOTE: Check to see that the spinner did not rotate. If it did move pull the blades back 1/4" and then realign the mark between the spinner and the hub. Make sure that when the blades go on to the spinner that they are fully feathered.
H) To make the blades rotate more freely it is advisable, after tightening all the screws, to give some bedding blows on the spinner and blades with a plastic or wooden mallet.
I) To make sure that the screws will not loosen insert a cotter pin into the head of each screw. Put them on so that if the screw were to loosen it would hit the cotter pin as shown in figure 5. Cut the cotter pins to a length of 1/4" and put them in. A tight tap with a hammer on the head of the pin will spread the ends open, if not use a screw driver to spread them apart.
J) Make sure that the propeller is protected from electrolytic corrosion by using "mil spec" zinc anodes on the propeller shaft. If the propeller has been assembled properly:
3) TROUBLE SHOOTING If the propeller feels stiff or has a hard spot in the rotation systematically go through the points below.
A) If the propeller does not rotate freely, remove some of the grease from the spinner and reassemble.
B) Sometimes it can happen that a small piece of metal or a burr enters the gears, or a piece of the propeller has been dinged; in this case the blade movement can become hard. It is necessary then to do as follows, referring to figure 8.
1) Open the propeller and assemble it again after having taken the central cone gear (6) out, so that the blade and the hub rotation are independent. If the hub rotation is hard, remove 0.01 mm from surfaces "A" with an emery cloth. On the contrary if the blades rotation is hard, remove 0.01 mm from surfaces "B" of the spacer using emery cloth wrapped around a flat file. Try until both hub and blades rotate freely.
2) Again mount the central cone gear (6) and reassemble the propeller. If the propeller rotation still has some hard points remove 0.1 mm with a flat file from surface (C) so that central cone gear sits lower and the clearance between conical gears increases.
4) PROPELLER USE The Max Prop works automatically. By putting the engine in gear the blades will engage in either forward or reverse. The best way to feather the propeller is;
You can check to see if the propeller is feathered or not by taking the engine out of gear. If the propeller is not feathered the shaft will freewheel like with a fixed blade propeller.
In that case start the engine again and repeat the three steps. If your propeller has been greased properly it will feather in a fraction of a second as soon as you stop the shaft from freewheeling. Once the prop is feathered, you can either leave the transmission in gear or out of gear, it does not matter. DO NOT kill the engine while in reverse. In this case the blades will be in the reverse position and will not feather. You can actually use this feature to drive a shaft alternator.
5) PROPELLER MAINTENANCE The Max Prop needs to be regreased a minimum of once every two years. We recommend Lubraplate "130 AA" Grease, it is inexpensive and performs better than many other greases.
There are two holes in the spinner of the propeller to grease. Remove the set screw from the forward hole with a #3 metric Allen wrench and screw in the zerc tower, attach your grease gun and fill the propeller with grease until the grease starts to come out between the hub (#1) and the spinners. Replace the set screw and remove the set screw from the more aft hole. Reinstall the zerc tower and attach your grease gun and fill the propeller with grease until the grease starts to come out between the blades and the spinners. Remove the zerc tower and reinsert the set screw into the propeller. Do not leave the zerc tower in the propeller.
6) PROPELLER REMOVAL In order to remove the propeller you must first remove the spinner and nut. Be sure only to pull from outside the hub (figure 9). If the surfaces on the hub are hit or dinged it can effect the performance of the propeller.
7) WARNING It is important to follow the instruction below carefully so as to avoid a shock to the gears on the blades and cone gear, that could be damaging to the teeth.
1) When going from forward to reverse and the opposite, it is necessary to idle down and shift at low RPM's between gears.
2) The propeller body must always be completely filled with a very fluid grease. This is so when you reverse direction the rotation will be smooth with no binding. Binding points will produce a shock and could damage the gears.